Crepis foetida L. subsp rhoeadifolia (Bleb.) Celak. as a source of multifunctional agents: Cytotoxic and phytochemical evaluation


Zengin G., Sarikurkcu C., UYAR P., Aktumsek A., Uysal S., Kocak M. S. , ...More

JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS, vol.17, pp.698-708, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jff.2015.06.041
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.698-708

Abstract

The cytotoxic, anticholinesterase, antityrosinase and antioxidant effects of methanol extract from the flower of C. foetida subsp. rhoeadifolia (CFRME) were evaluated. The cytotoxic effect was investigated using HepG2, Caco-2, MCF-7 and MCF-10A cell lines. Enzyme inhibitory activities were tested by spectrophotometric methods. Different chemical assays were used to determine the antioxidant effects. In addition, phenolic constituents were quantified. High-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis revealed that chlorogenic acid was the major phenolic component in the extract. The extract showed a strong antiproliferative, antioxidant, and anticholinesterase and antityrosinase effects. These findings suggest that C. foetida subsp. rhoeadifolia may be considered as a source of ingredients that can be used as food supplements. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.