Salmonella Typhimurium contains 13 operons coding for fimbriae with unique binding specificities to host epithelial surfaces. stj operon is only detected in S. Typhimurium genome suggesting that Stj fimbria may effect serovarspecific virulence characteristics. In this study, the role of stj fimbrial operon in the long-term persistence of S. Typhimurium was identified by competitive infection experiment in genetically resistant mouse (CBA) model system. Knock-out mutation of stjA (major subunit of the Stj fimbria) gene reduced recovery of S. Typhimurium from fecal samples and its colonization to spleen, cecum and mesenteric lymph nodes over a 34-day time period (p < 0.05). This data indicate that stj fimbrial operon has a role in long-term intestinal persistence of S. Typhimurium in CBA mice.