Strengthening effect of different fiber placement designs on root canal treated and bleached premolars

Kucuk O., KEÇECİ A. D.

ODONTOLOGY, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


To evaluate the strengthening effect of five different fibers with different placement designs in root canal treated and intracoronally bleached premolars. Seventy extracted single-rooted premolars were distributed into 7 groups (G1-G7). Group 1 (G1) included the intact (I) teeth as the negative control. Group 2 (G2) included root canal treated, intra-coronally bleached and composite (C) restored teeth as the positive control. In the other five test groups after root canal treatment the teeth were intra-coronally bleached and fiber materials were placed into standard MOD cavities in the following different designs: an intracanal rigid fiber/Reforpost (G3,RF), an intracanal flexible fiber/ Everstick (G4, FF), four intracanal flexible pin fibers/Dentapreg Pin (G5,PF), an intercuspal flexible fiber /Dentapreg SFU (G6, IF) or an intra-coronal horseshoe-shaped/ Dentapreg SFU (G7,CF). All cavities were filled with a microfilled resin composite. Fracture resistance was tested using a universal testing machine under a crosshead speed of 1 mm/minute. One-way ANOVA and Duncan's Multiple Range tests were used for statistical analysis. Fracture types were recorded. The fracture resistance values in descending order were G1(I): 1190.97 N > G6 (IF): 1138.78 N > G5 (PF): 942.45 N > G3 (RF): 737.40 N > G4 (FF):694.29 N > G2 (C): 611.83 N > G7 (CF): 542.78 N. There were statistically significant differences among the groups (p <= 0.05). In all groups, repairable coronal oblique fractures were mostly observed. Flexible fibers placed intercuspally exhibited a significantly better strengthening effect than those of the intracanal flexible and rigid fibers (p < 0.05).