Background The reduction in peritoneal fibrinolysis is believed to be the pathogenetic mechanism of adhesion formation. The general conclusion based on previous clinical and experimental studies is that laparoscopic procedures produce less adhesion formation. The association between this beneficial effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and peritoneal fibrinolytic changes is not clear. Therefore, the authors aimed to compare the effects of open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy on peritoneal fibrinolysis. For this purpose, fibrinolytic parameters in peritoneal fluid were investigated 24 h after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomies.