In the present work, the theoretical vibrational spectra of p-, m- and o-nitrobenzonitrile molecules have been analyzed. The harmonic vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles) of these molecules have been calculated using ab initio Hartree-Fock and density functional theory methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set by Gaussian 03 W, for the first time. Assignments of the vibrational frequencies have been performed by potential energy distribution by using VEDA 4 program. The optimized geometric parameters and harmonic vibrational frequencies have been compared with the corresponding experimental data and seen to be in a good agreement with each other. Also, the highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies have been obtained.