A multi-objective meta-heuristic approach for the transit network design and frequency setting problem

ÇAPALI B., Ceylan H.

TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.43, no.8, pp.851-867, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03081060.2020.1829093
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.851-867
  • Keywords: case study, evaluation, intelligent water drops algorithm, numerical application, passenger assignment, routing network design, Urban transit
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


The Transit Network Design and Frequency Setting Problem (TNDFSP) can be defined as the creation of effective routes in a public transport network and the determination of relevant frequencies. Generally, the TNDFSP problem is in the same category as the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP), which is known to be a non-deterministic polynomial-period (NP-hard) difficult problem. This study consists of two stages: first, the design of a public transport network with an evolutionary optimization technique - the Intelligent Water Drops (IWD) algorithm - based on the TSP and the determination of relevant frequencies; and second, the assignment of passengers to designated routes. All decisions related to public transport network design may be evaluated by considering environmental costs in relation to passengers, operators and the environment. This study presents an acceptable, constructive and original algorithm.