Screening of optimum composition of superparamagnetic nanocomposite microparticles modified with various layered double hydroxides for phosphorus removal


Surmeli M., Yazici H., KILIÇ M., KARABOYACI M.

JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING, vol.49, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2022.103001
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, INSPEC
  • Keywords: P removal, Magnetic NCMP, LDH, Dissolution, Stability, PHOSPHATE REMOVAL, WASTE-WATER, MAGNETITE NANOPARTICLES, RECOVERY, ADSORPTION, FE3O4, FABRICATION, DESORPTION, SEPARATION, PARTICLES

Abstract

Superparamagnetic nanocomposite microparticles (NCMPs) modified with various layered double hydroxides (LDHs) (MgFe, MgAl and their Zr-doped equivalents) were investigated for phosphorus (P) removal. Screening of optimum composition was performed based on the P removal performance of NCMP@LDH particles as well as their magnetic separability in a flow-through column as a function of NCMP content (100-1000 mg) and stability as a function of LDH content (20-100%). The results showed that except for NCMP@MgFe-Zr, all the other particles exhibited a partial dissolution of LDH components at each of the examined LDH contents. However, NCMP@MgFe-Zr showed no dissolution up to a LDH content of 60% at all, whereas a partial dissolution occurred at a LDH content of 80 and 100%. Results of magnetic separability test revealed that the NCMP@MgFe-Zr composed of 500 mg magnetic particle (NCMP) and 60% LDH was separated from the solution with a separa-tion efficiency of 96.9%, while lower NCMP contents resulted in lower separation efficiencies. P removal effi-ciency and specific removal capacity of the NCMP@MgFe-Zr with the optimized composition was found to be 18.5% and 53.1 mg/g, respectively. The crystal structure, chemical composition, surface morphology, crystallite size and particle size distribution, functional groups and magnetic properties of the NCMP and NCMP@MgFe-Zr particles were confirmed by various characterization analysis. The observed results clearly demonstrates that the NCMP@MgFe-Zr with the optimized composition remained stable during the removal experiments and enabled the removal of P under the conditions of acidic pH and relatively high P concentration without LDH dissolution.