In this study, each of the commonly used two types of woods (softwood and hardwood) from five species was studied. All wood species show a systematic trend to change to higher values of surface roughness with natural weathering progress. The Black pine, Calabrian pine and beech wood samples show a more or less smooth trend, whereas basswood gives the highest surface roughness changes under all conditions. However, the hardwood species, except basswood, have higher hardness properties both initially and at the end of weathering process when compared to softwoods. The surface discoloration that occurs is clearly visible as a natural texturing. However, the degree of, and the pattern of texturing, may vary with different kinds of woods; the color changes also vary to some extent. It was revealed that the discoloration is strongly dependent on the botanical origin of wood species. The lower lightness changes (Delta L %) were found for all three pine species (16.2 to 37.2%) when compared to fir (54.9%) and spruce samples (91.8%). The Scotch pine wood showed highest values for the contribution of red color initially and low redness change on the surface after the weathering process, among the other softwood species.