Natural enemies of Diaspis echinocacti in Greece and first records of Aphytis debachi and Plagiomerus diaspidis


Japoshvili G. O. , Stathas G. J. , Kampouris S. G.

PHYTOPARASITICA, cilt.38, ss.121-123, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12600-009-0080-1
  • Dergi Adı: PHYTOPARASITICA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.121-123

Özet

Two hymenopteran parasitoids of the cactus scale Diaspis echinocacti (Bouch,) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) on Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (Cactaceae) are recorded in Greece. Aphytis debachi Azim, 1963 (Aphelinidae) is first recorded for Europe and Plagiomerus diaspidis Crawford, 1910 (Encyrtidae) is first recorded for Greece. Preliminary data on phenology and natural enemies of the scale D. echinocacti on O. ficus-indica are presented. Parasitism of D. echinocacti by P. diaspidis reached 86% in southern Greece (Kalamata) and parasitism by A. debachi reached 9.3% and 12% in Kalamata and Athens, respectively. Two predators, Cybocephalus fodori Endrody-Youga (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) and a mite species (Prostigmata: Bdellidae), were found to be associated with D. echinocacti.