Three dimensional structure prediction of panomycocin, a novel Exo-beta-1,3-glucanase isolated from Wickerhamomyces anomalus NCYC 434 and the computational site-directed mutagenesis studies to enhance its thermal stability for therapeutic applications

MUHAMMED M. T., SON Ç. D., Izgu F.

COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, vol.80, pp.270-277, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2019.04.006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.270-277
  • Keywords: Antifungal protein, Panomycocin, Exo-beta-1, 3-glucanase, Homology modeling, Computational site-directed mutagenesis, Thermal stability, SIGNAL PEPTIDES, CANDIDA-SPP., KILLER TOXIN, PROTEIN, SATURATION, SEQUENCE, GENE
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Panomycocin is a naturally produced potent antimycotic/antifungal protein secreted by the yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus NCYC 434 with an exo-beta-1,3-glucanase activity. In this study the three dimensional structure of panomycocin was predicted and the computational site-directed mutagenesis was performed to enhance its thermal stability in liquid formulations over the body temperature for topical therapeutic applications. Homology modeling was performed with MODELLER and I-TASSER. Among the generated models, the model with the lowest energy and DOPE score was selected for further loop modeling. The loop model was optimized and the reliability of the model was confirmed with ERRAT, Verify 3D and Ramachandran plot values. Enhancement of the thermal stability of the model was done using contemporary servers and programs such as SPDBViewer, CNA, I-Mutant2.0, Eris, AUTO-MUTE and MUpro. In the region outside the binding site of the model Leu52 Arg, Phe223Arg and Gly254Arg were found to be the best thermostabilizing mutations with 6.26 K, 6.26 K and 8.27 K increases, respectively. In the binding site Glu186Arg was found to be the best thermostabilizer mutation with a 9.58 K temperature increase. The results obtained in this study led us to design a mutant panomycocin that can be used as a novel antimycotic/antifungal drug in a liquid formulation for topical applications over the normal body temperature.