Psychological distress among international students in Turkey

Cetinkaya-Yildiz E., Cakir S. G. , KONDAKÇI Y.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS, vol.35, no.5, pp.534-539, 2011 (SSCI) identifier identifier


This study examined predictors of psychological distress in a sample of 334 international students studying at different public universities in Turkey. The standard multiple regression analysis was used to clarify the contributions of individual characteristics, interaction with Turkish students, perceived discrimination. Turkish language proficiency, perceived cultural distance, integration to social life in Turkey, and life satisfaction to psychological distress of international students. The results revealed that life satisfaction, integration to social life in Turkey, Turkish language proficiency, and length of stay in the host country (Turkey) account for 32.8% of the variance in the international students' psychological distress levels. The study concludes that factors contributing to psychological distress of foreign students are related to some individual characteristics and personal factors. Hence, foreign students need to go through a preparation process/program in their home country. Then a guidance and orientation program needs to be provided in the host country. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.