The Effect of Urine pH and Urinary Uric Acid Levels on the Development of Contrast Nephropathy


Aslan G., AFŞAR B. , Sag A. A. , Camkiran V., Erden N., Yilmaz S., ...More

KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH, vol.45, no.1, pp.131-141, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000504547
  • Title of Journal : KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.131-141

Abstract

Background: Hyperuricemia may cause acute kidney injury by activating inflammatory, pro-oxidative and vasoconstrictive pathways. In addition, radiocontrast causes an acute uricosuria, potentially leading to crystal formation. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of urine acidity and urine uric acid level on the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography. Methods: We enrolled 175 patients who underwent elective coronary angiography. CIN was defined as a >25% increase in the serum creatinine levels relative to basal values 48-72 h after contrast use. Prior to coronary angiography and 48-72 h later, serum uric acid, urea, creatinine, bicarbonate levels, and spot uric acid to creatinine ratio (UACR) were measured. Results: Of the 175 subjects included, 29 (16.6%) developed CIN. Those who developed CIN had a higher prevalence of diabetes, higher UACR (0.60 vs. 0.44, p = 0.014), higher contrast volume, and lower serum sodium level. With univariate analysis of a logistic regression model, the risk of CIN was found to be associated with diabetes (p = 0.0016, OR = 3.8 [95% CI: 1.7-8.7]), urine UACR (p = 0.0027, OR = 9.6 [95% CI: 2.2-42.2]), serum sodium (p = 0.0079, OR = 0.8 [95% CI: 0.77-0.96]), and contrast volume (p = 0.0385, OR = 1.8 [95% CI: 1.03-3.09]). In a multiple logistic regression model with stepwise method of selection, diabetes (p = 0.0120, OR = 3.2 [95% CI: 1.3-8.1]) and UACR (p = 0.0163, OR = 6.9 [95% CI: 1.4-33.4]) were the 2 risk factors finally identified. Conclusions: We have demonstrated that higher urine UACR is associated with the development of CIN in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography.