DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH EXPENDITURES IN OECD COUNTRIES BY TYPE OF FINANCING: AFTER 1980


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Gür L., Göze Kaya D.

Uluslararası Ekonomi ve Siyaset Bilimleri Akademik Araştırmalar Dergisi, vol.4, no.10, pp.36-52, 2020 (Other Refereed National Journals)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : Uluslararası Ekonomi ve Siyaset Bilimleri Akademik Araştırmalar Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.36-52

Abstract

ABSTRACT
The provision of health services is divided into two; public funding and private funding. Public financing is
presented as tax-based financing (Beveridge) and social health insurance financing (Bismarck). Some indicators
(total health expenditures, share of health expenditures in gross domestic product, public and private health
expenditures per capita) are used in order to measure the positive effects of health on human capital.
In this study; the current situation of OECD countries in terms of health expenditures indicators is wanted to be
revealed. In addition, it is possible to make comparison between the health expenditures of the countries which
adopt Beveridge type health model and the countries adopting Bismarck type health model. Between 1980 and
2017, approximately 72% of the total health expenditure of the OECD average was made by the public sector.
This shows that OECD countries mainly use the Beveridge or Bismarck model in health finance. The remaining
part of the health financing is provided by the private sector with private health insurance and out-of-pocket
payments.
Key Words: Beveridge Model Health Finance, Bismarck Model Health Finance, Public Health Expenditures,
Private Health Expenditures, OECD Countries