This study is the first step to investigate usability of shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) fibers for smart garment applications. SMPU fibers were spun by wet spinning process and chemical/mechanical characterization was carried out. SMPU solutions were prepared with two different concentrations (20 % and 25 %) and three different coagulation bath concentrations (0 %, 1 % and 3 %) were used for determining optimum spinning parameters. For investigating influences of spinning process on crystal structure, mechanical, thermal and shape memory performances of fibers, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and mechanical tests were conducted. DSC and DMA analysis results show that shape memory polyurethane fibers have a glass transition temperature about 35-40 degrees C which is suitable for body temperature. Moreover, SMPU fibers showed good tensile performance with an average tenacity of 1.38 cN/dtex and elongation at break of 350 %. Thermo mechanical test results showed that, all shape memory fibers have good shape memory effect with recovery and fixity ratios up to 91 % and 71 % respectively.