Spatial analysis of morphometric indices: the case of Bolu pull-apart basin, western section of North Anatolian Fault System, Turkey


SARP G. , Duzgun S.

GEODINAMICA ACTA, cilt.25, ss.86-95, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09853111.2013.841382
  • Dergi Adı: GEODINAMICA ACTA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.86-95

Özet

Advances in quality, acquisition and processing of high-resolution digital topography over the past decade have enabled geomorphologists to interpret topography in terms of tectonic processes in a quantitative and more objective way. This study defines the tectonic impact of the North Anatolian fault system (NAFS) on the evaluation and activity of the Bolu pull-apart basin using morphometric indices based on topographic maps. In this study, three different indices including valley floor width to height ratio (Vf), asymmetry factor (Af), and Stream Length Gradient Index (SL) are applied to the tectonic basin area. To detect the deviation from spatial randomness of applied indices, the weighted correlation coefficient Moran's I is used, and results are interpreted at 99% confidence interval. According to the results, the tectonic impact of NAFS on the northern and western sides of the basin distinctly differs from one another. Clustered distribution of Vf and Af values on the southern side of the basin margin reveals that this side of the basin margin is tectonically more deformed compared with the northern side. The applied methodology reveals that the spatial analysis of the morphometric indices proved to be the effective tool in analyzing tectonic influence of the fault system on the opposite side of the basin margins.