Composting of spent mushroom compost, carnation wastes, chicken and cattle manures

Kulcu R., Sonmez I., Yaldiz O., KAPLAN M.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.99, no.17, pp.8259-8264, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.03.074
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8259-8264
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


This study has purposed to determine the optimum mixture ratio of used mushroom compost, chicken manure, cattle manure and carnation waste for composting. For this purpose, these materials have been mixed in seven various ratios (R1-R7) and composted in the experimental composting reactors. The highest dry material losses and temperature values have been obtained by the R4 which contains 50% carnation waste, 25% chicken manure and 25% spent mushroom compost. Beside R4, mixtures of R2, R5 and R6 have also provided high process temperature and dry material loss values. The lowest dry material loss and temperature values have been obtained in the R7 which contains only carnation wastes. In the study, it has also seen that FAS (free air space) parameter is effective on the process and must be in the interval of 24-32%. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.