Energy utilization needs in Turkish mixed feed industry

Boyar S., Hepbasli A., AKDENİZ R. C.

JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT, vol.10, pp.528-533, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.528-533


The first feed factory in Turkey was put into operation by a private company in 1955. Since then, the mixed feed sector has continued to grow rapidly. Today, feed manufacturing industry has become one of the most important agricultural sectors in Turkey, with 712 factories at capacities varying from 5 to 100 ton/h. In the literature, there are very limited studies on the energy use of Turkey's feed manufacturing industry and the extruder pellet line having popularity in recent years in the mixed feed factories. The main objective in doing the present study was to investigate the energy use of the Turkish mixed feed sector and the necessity of energy management system in the light of the studies performed in the mixed feed factory located in Izmir, Turkey. Taking into account Turkey's total mixed feed production of 11,501,123 tons/yr determined by the Turkish Feed Manufacturers' Association and assuming an average value of the factory studied with 0.005 tons of oil equivalent (toe) per tons of feed production, the total energy consumption of the mixed factories in Turkey is estimated to be about 57,506 toe annually. It was well determined that an energy management system should be built not only in the feed factory studied but also in all factories in Turkey.