Village institutes are unique education institutions that were established to provide education in villages, to give villagers guidance on issues, such as agriculture and health, to train teachers who were villagers themselves in situations where the technical and economic deficiencies of the early Republican era in Turkey were prevalent. The Village institutes have had significant roles in the educational activities of this era when 83.4% of Turkey's population lived in rural areas, and most of them were deprived of education. Village Institutes were established with an inspiration from Soviet and German institutions, based on a curriculum that prescribed changes in the local characteristics of production and labor force. Thanks to these aspects, they had a modern pedagogical training approach. During their operations, these schools provided education that was based on the artisanal workshop system in which cooperation was possible.