A numerical Study on Processes of Charge and Discharge of Latent Heat Energy Storage System Using RT27 Paraffin Wax for Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery in a SI Engine

Gürbüz H., Ateş D.

International Journal of Automotive Engineering and Technologies, vol.4, no.4, pp.314-327, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


In the present paper, the numerical analyses of the heat charge and discharge processes of the latent heat energy storage (LHTES) system designed for the recovery of the exhaust waste heat energy of the SI engine presented. In the LHTES system as phase change material (PCM), the charge and discharge ability of paraffin wax commercially identified with code RT27 were analyzed depending on time. Two closed-loop fluid circulation system consisting of two heat exchangers (HESs) was designed, someone connected to the exhaust path of SI engine for waste heat recovery, and the other used for the charging and discharging of waste heat energy in the PCM. To transfer the waste heat from the hot exhaust gases to the PC, cold water was used as the heat carrier fluid. In the numerical analysis, the exhaust gas temperature and flow rate values of a singlecylinder, air-cooled having a stroke volume of 476.5 cm3 SI engine operated with gasoline at 1600 rpm engine speed and 1/2 throttle position were used. As a result, at designed LHTES system and numerical analysis performed for RT27 paraffin wax under boundary conditions, the process of heat charge (melting) completed at 8000.sec with 93% liquid-fraction, while the process of heat discharge (solidification) completed at 55000.sec with 15% liquid-fraction.