Recent advances in indium metallurgy: A review


PRADHAN D., PANDA S. , SUKLA L. B.

MINERAL PROCESSING AND EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY REVIEW, vol.39, no.3, pp.167-180, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08827508.2017.1399887
  • Title of Journal : MINERAL PROCESSING AND EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY REVIEW
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-180
  • Keywords: Indium, pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, biometallurgy, recycling, recovery, LIQUID-CRYSTAL-DISPLAY, SPHALERITE CONCENTRATE, METALS DISSOLUTION, EFFECTIVE RECOVERY, RECYCLING INDIUM, ZINC RESIDUE, CF GLASSES, WASTE, EXTRACTION, SEPARATION

Abstract

The by-products of zinc refineries are used as the primary mineral resources for the commercial production of indium. The discarded LCDs containing adequate amount of indium is rather worth as its secondary resources compared to the by-products of zinc refineries. Mining and recycling rates of indium, respectively from minerals and waste LCDs are in progress to meet its huge demand. Recycling of the LCDs has been dominating over mining, as presently 480t of indium are produced annually from mining, however, that of 650t annually from recycling. Different aspects of the extractive metallurgy of indium are summarized in this review paper.