Cigarette smoke contains about 5,000 chemicals that include organic and metallic compounds. The current study was undertaken to investigate the effects of selenium and vitamin E on oxidative stress-induced damage in rats exposed to cigarette smoke. Forty male rats were equally divided into four groups. The first and second groups were used as control and cigarette smoke groups, respectively. Selenium was administered to rats constituting the third group for 27 days. The Se and vitamin E combination was given to animals in fourth group for 27 days. All groups except the control, were exposed to cigarette smoke starting at the third day of the experiment and continuing for 27 days. The blood samples from all groups were taken at the end of 27 days. Plasma lipid peroxidation, triacylglycerol, and total cholesterol levels were higher in the cigarette smoke group than in the control, although erythrocytic superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities were lower in the cigarette smoke group than in the control. The plasma lipid peroxidation, triacylglycerol, and total cholesterol levels were lower in cigarette smoke+Se+VE group than in the cigarette smoke group, although erythrocytic superoxide dismutase activity and glutathione peroxidase activity in selenium and vitamin E-administered groups were higher than in the exposed to cigarette smoke group. High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was not affect by selenium and vitamin E administrations. In conclusion, selenium and vitamin E seem to have protective effects on the cigarette smoke-induced blood toxicity by supporting the enzymatic antioxidant redox systems.