Current and Future Potential Distributions of Carphoborus minimus (Fabricius, 1798) in Turkey

Şen İ., Sarıkaya O., Örücü Ö. K.

Folia Biologica-Krakow, vol.68, no.4, pp.143-150, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3409/fb_68-4.16
  • Title of Journal : Folia Biologica-Krakow
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-150


Our study aims to model the current and future (2041-2060 and 2081-2100) distribution areas of Carphoborus minimus (Fabricius, 1798) according to SSP2 and SSP5 emission scenarios. Current and future potential distribution areas of the species were predicted using the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) method and the MIROC6 climate change model. Finally, change analysis was performed to reveal the distributional changes between the present and future distribution ranges of the species. Our study has made it clear that the most impactful bioclimatic factors on the distribution of the species are temperature seasonality, isothermality, and precipitation of the driest quarter. Model results showed that the suitable distribution range for C. minimus is western and southern Anatolia. Models presented that the species will expand its distribution area through northern Anatolia in the 2050s and 2090s due to the changing ecological environment. In addition to that, the results of the change analysis showed that suitable distribution areas for the species will increase between 7% and 13.5% with time. Therefore, the species can become a new threat to the forests of Northern Anatolia. As a result, state forestry authorities should take precautions against this bark beetle species in the pine stands of northern Turkey in the future. Moreover, land-use plans should be developed to prevent the degradation of forest areas and to plan suitable trees for afforestation.