Many areas were allocated by various lows as protected area for conservation of natural resources in Turkey. However, the practice has caused the benefit loss that happens by reason of the prohibitions and limitations for the local people who are mainly living forest villages. As local people are an important entity of protected area and their activities (e.g., livestock, fanning, etc.) are directly concerning conservation of forest and others, it is necessary to give focus on their interaction with the nature. In this study, relations between nomadic livestock and nature conservation efforts were discussed by example of Egirdir Region. Field survey was carried out to collect information in each village using interviews from 2007-2008. According to results of the study nature conservation efforts have caused to benefit loss in term of nomadic livestock in the Egirdir Region as well as Turkey. Besides, villagers haven't been adequately supported in term of alternative livelihood resources, until now. Thus, negative local perceptions have come out concerning protection efforts.