Influence of lead and zinc oxides on the radiation shielding properties of tellurite glass systems


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Alalawi A., Al-Buriahi M. S. , Sayyed M., Akyıldırım H. , Arslan H., Zaid M. H. M. , ...More

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.46, pp.17300-17306, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.04.017
  • Title of Journal : CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.17300-17306

Abstract

The radiation shielding properties of xPbO-(100-x)TeO2, x = 10, 20, and 30 mol% binary glasses and y[ZnO]-(100-y)[70(TeO2)-30(PbO)] y = 15, 20, and 25 mol% ternary glasses were investigated using Geant4 simulations and the newly developed Phy-X/PSD program. The glasses' gamma shielding abilities were assessed using their mass attenuation coefficient (mu/p), mean free path (MFP), effective atomic number (Z(eff)), and half value layer (HVL) values. The neutron shielding ability was evaluated by determining the removal cross-section (RCS) values, which were 0.097, 0.101, and 0.103 cm(-1) for binary PbO-TeO2 (PT) glasses and 0.118, 0.116, and 0.114 cm(-1) for ternary ZnO-PbO-TeO2 (PTZ) glasses. The gamma and neutron shielding features of the glasses were compared with those of various ordinary concretes and Pb-free, Pb-based, and commercial glasses. The addition of PbO changed the gamma and neutron properties of the PT glasses, while the addition of ZnO demonstrated a different trend in the gamma properties of the PTZ glass system.