The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between academics' self-esteem and their political participation behaviors on Twitter. The study population of the research consists of academicians from Usak University, Gumushane University, and Suleyman Demirel University. Participants were selected by stratified sampling within the gender and title quotas. According to the findings of the research, the self-esteem of academicians and their political participation status on Twitter, there is a negative correlation between "political expression", "participation in political discussions" and "participation in local government". On the other hand, it has been concluded that the participation of the academicians in political expression, their "participation in political discussions" and their "participation in the local government" have increased with the increase in their dreamer side. It was concluded that academics' e-participation behaviors on Twitter were low and they followed only policies and services via Twitter. The research findings support the thesis that self-esteem will increase with the increase in the education level in the literature and research findings contradict the opinion claiming that political participation will increase with the increase of the education level.