The effect of ionizing radiation on properties of fluoride-releasing restorative materials


Uğurlu M. , Özkan E. E. , Özseven A.

Brazilian oral research, vol.34, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0005
  • Title of Journal : Brazilian oral research
  • Keywords: Microscopy, Atomic Force, Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission, Flexural strength, Glass Ionomer Cement, Radiotherapy, RESIN COMPOSITE RESTORATIONS, GLASS-IONOMER, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, SURFACE-ROUGHNESS, XEROSTOMIC HEAD, RADIOTHERAPY, PERFORMANCE, RECHARGE, WATER

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ionizing radiation from high energy X-ray on fluoride release, surface roughness, flexural strength, and surface chemical composition of the materials. The study groups comprised five different restorative materials: Beautifil II, GCP Glass Fill, Amalgomer CR, Zirconomer, and Fuji IX GP. Twenty disk-shaped specimens (8x2 mm) for fluoride release and 20 bar-shaped specimens (25 x 2x 2 mm) for flexural strength were prepared from each material. Each material group was divided into two subgroups: irradiated (IR) and non-irradiated (Non-IR). The specimens from IR groups were irradiated with 1.8 Gy/day for 39 days (total IR = 70.2 Gy). The amount of fluoride released into deionized water was measured using a fluoride ion-selective electrode and ion analyzer after 24 hours and on days 2, 3, 7, 15, 21, 28, 35, and 39 (n = 10). The flexural strength was evaluated using the three-point bending test (n = 10). After the period of measurement of fluoride release, seven specimens (n = 7) from each group were randomly selected to evaluate surface roughness using AFM and one specimen was randomly selected for the SEM and EDS analyses. Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (p = 0.05). The irradiation significantly increased fluoride release and surface roughness for Amalgomer CR and Zirconomer groups (p < 0.05). No significant change in flexural strength of the materials was observed after irradiation (p > 0.05). The ionizing radiation altered the amount of fluoride release and surface roughness of only Amalgomer CR and Zirconomer. The effect could be related to the chemical compositions of materials.