Modeling stem profile of Lebanon cedar, Brutian pine, and Cilicica fir in Southern Turkey using nonlinear mixed-effects models

Ozcelik R., Brooks J. R. , JİANG L.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH, vol.130, no.4, pp.613-621, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 130 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10342-010-0453-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.613-621
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


The Max and Burkhart segmented taper model was fitted using nonlinear mixed-effects modeling techniques to account for within- and between-individual stem profile variation for Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani A. Rich.), brutian pine (Pinus brutia Ten.), and cilicica fir (Abies cilicica Carr.) in Turkey. About 75% of the trees were randomly selected for model development, with the remainder used for model validation. Diameter measurements from various heights were evaluated for tree-specific calibrations by predicting random-effects parameters using an approximate Bayesian estimator. The procedure was tested with a validation dataset. Predictive accuracy of the model was improved by including random-effects parameters for a new tree based on upper stem diameter measurements. Prediction in stem diameter was less biased and more precise across the all sections of bole when compared to predictions based only on fixed-effects parameters. In the future, the proposed mixed models can be applied to region wide three species stands by fitting the model to a larger data set that more closely represents regional variation.