Diagnostic ultrasound treatment increases the bone fracture-healing rate in an internally fixed rat femoral osteotomy model


Heybeli N., Yesildag A., Oyar O., Gulsoy U., Tekinsoy M., Mumcu E.

JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE, cilt.21, sa.12, ss.1357-1363, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7863/jum.2002.21.12.1357
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1357-1363

Özet

Objective. To investigate the healing effects of diagnostic ultrasound in a standardized rat femur fracture model. Methods. Thirty-two male rats aged 14 weeks were used, and each rat's right femur was osteotomized and stabilized under anesthesia, The rats were then divided into 4 groups, Five days after surgery, ultrasound was applied every fifth day with diagnostic sonographic equipment and a probe with a 7.5-MHz frequency and 11.8-mW/cm(2) total output intensity for 10 minutes in each session. Ultrasound was applied 8 times in group A, 3 times in group 3, and only once in group C, Ultrasound was not applied to sham-operated group D. Healing and callus formation of the rats' femur fractures were evaluated by radiography and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Results. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric and radiographic results showed that the ultrasound therapy accelerated the fracture healing. Radiographically, groups A and B showed better fracture healing than groups C and D, Ultrasound exposure increased both the whole-bone mineral density and the density at the fracture region, increasing in parallel with the exposure period. Conclusions. This study confirms the previously shown efficacy of low-intensity ultrasonic stimulation in acceleration of the normal fracture repair process even when performed with a diagnostic sonographic device.