EFFECTS OF NaC1 ON PHENOLIC COMPOUND PRODUCTION IN CALLUS CULTURE OF FOXGLOVE (DIGITALIS PURPUREA L.)


DURAN R. E. , Keyfli M.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.30, no.3, pp.2790-2798, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2790-2798
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate callus induction and phenolic compound production of Digitalis purpurea L. (foxglove) callus extracts derived from leaves and formed in MS medium supplemented with different NaCI concentrations. NaC1 decreased callus induction and callus fresh weight at all concentrations. The highest total phenolic compound contents were recorded from callus grown in mediums with 75 and 100 mM NaCI supplements, compared with the callus induced in the medium containing only MS. Among the six phe-nolics found in the callus samples, catechin, caffeic acid and apigenin were the major constituents. The amount of catechin increased significantly in callus grown in 100 mM NaC1 medium by nearly 10-fold and the amount of caffeic acid and apigenine increased significantly in callus grown in 125 mM NaCI medium by nearly 7 and 20-folds (respectively) compared with the control group. Major vola-tiles in foxglove calli were represented by crotonaldehyde, 3-methylbutanal, 2-methylbutanal, ethanol, ftirfural, n-hexane, limonene and dimethyl sulfide.