Magnetic separation of ferrous fractions linked to improved bioleaching of metals from waste-to-energy incinerator bottom ash (IBA): a green approach


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.27, no.9, pp.9475-9489, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-020-07615-9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.9475-9489
  • Keywords: Pretreatment, Iron-sulfur oxidizing bacteria, Acidophiles, Waste incineration, Secondary resource, HEAVY-METALS, BIO-REDUCTION, RECOVERY, EMPHASIS, REDUCERS, NICKEL, ZN, CU
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Ferrous fractions in incinerated bottom ash (IBA) are linked to lower metal dissolution. In the present study, a novel eco-friendly biotechnological approach has been tested for multi-metal leaching using meso-acidophilic Fe2+/S degrees oxidizing bacterial consortium from magnetically separated IBA, owing to the inherent property of IBA to release Fe2+. Comprehensive lab-scale studies, first-of-its-kind, considered all the potential elements to understand targeted metal dissolutions from the sample under differential conditions. Concentrations of metals, Al > Ti > Ni > Zn > Cu, as analyzed by ICP-OES, were targeted to be bioleached. XRD analysis indicated the sample to be amorphous with magnetite (Fe3O4) and iron (Fe) forming major phases in the magnetic part (IBAM) and titano-magnetite (Fe3-x. TixO(4)) and iron (Fe) for the nonmagnetic part (IBAN). The study indicated that 73.98% Cu, 98.68% Ni, 59.09% Zn, 58.84% Al, and 92.85% Ti could be leached from IBAM when the bioleaching system operates at pH 1.5, 5% pulp density for 8 days. Under similar conditions, within 6 days, 37.55% Cu, 87.99% Ni, 45.03% Zn, 40.72% Al, and 63.97% Ti could be leached from IBAN. Two routes were identified and the mechanism of action has been proposed for the leaching of metals.