Comparison of the Environmental Impact and Production Cost Rates of Aggregates Produced from Stream Deposits and Crushed Rock Quarries (Bogacay Basin/Antalya/Turkey)


ÖZÇELİK M.

GEOHERITAGE, vol.14, no.1, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12371-022-00659-y
  • Title of Journal : GEOHERITAGE
  • Keywords: Environmental impact, Stream deposits, Crushed rock quarries, Quarrying operations

Abstract

Geoheritage and geoconservation are concerned with the preservation of geological features and are significant global endeavors, as evidenced by various international and intra-national conservation bodies, with agreements, conventions, and inter-governmental initiatives. In recent years, aggregate production from stream beds to crushed stone quarries consumes the natural environment excessively despite its economic importance. There are a number of serious environmental consequences associated with quarrying activities on and near the site, including landscape alteration, air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, ground vibration, and biodiversity impacts. Quarrying operations cause material damage, groundwater depletion, loss of fertile topsoil, deforestation, loss of aquatic biodiversity, and harm to public health. The haphazard transport of sand from river beds, on the other hand, can cause changes in flow and rapid changes in stream bed structure. The Bogacay basin's aggregate quarries operating as stream deposits and crushed rock quarries were investigated in this study. The cost of producing aggregate sizes in stream deposits and crushed rock quarries, as well as the environmental impacts, is discussed. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of producing aggregates from stream deposits and rock quarries for the Bogacay basin were investigated. As a result, aggregate production from stream deposits and crushed rock quarries has been observed to destroy the landscape. This resulted in erosion along the Konyaalti coastline. The fort's downward movement resulted in the formation of pits or sediment. Because the stream bed of the Bogacay River is made of sand, the meanders progressed slowly over time due to the ongoing erosion and sedimentation pattern. It was decided that current aggregate production should be reviewed and future aggregate requirements should be planned outside of the Bogacay basin.