Orbital emphysema (OE) is usually the result of a fracture of lamina papyrecea or maxillary roof allowing air to pass from the sinuses into the orbit. OE without evidence of any significant trauma is a rare occurrence. Thorough literature search revealed that no case of OE due to the rupture of internal laryngocele has been reported. A case is reported here of bilateral orbitopalpebral emphysema associated with internal laryngocele, in the absence of facial skeleton trauma, in a healthy young adult male. It should be kept in mind that laryngocele rupture would be one of the underlying causes of OE or OE would be the presenting symptom of laryngocele rupture. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.