Analysis of seismic site characterization of the Isparta basin (southwestern Turkey) using passive surface-wave method (ReMi (TM)) and borehole data


JOURNAL OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE, vol.129, no.1, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 129 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12040-019-1310-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


This study presents a site classification of the Isparta basin situated at the upper part of the Isparta Angle, which is one of the most important tectonic components in Turkey. The local conditions of the basin sediments may significantly increase ground motions from earthquakes and cause more structural damage. V-s30 is one of the base parameters used for the determining site classification. In this study, refraction microtremor (ReMi (TM)) method was used to determine the shear-wave velocities structure and hence classifying the site characterization of Isparta basin. The data were collected at 172 locations and converted to shear-wave velocity-depth models and shear velocity (V-s) maps were created. The V-s structures were compared and evaluated with the current borehole records compiled from the area. The site classification map of the Isparta basin was prepared by using the V-s30 map and considering the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) criteria. According to this map, the soft alluvial deposits of the central basin are mostly classified as D, and a few are classified as C. The soil class at the southern part of the basin (old urbanization area of the city) increases to C class due to which the tuff-tuffite content increases. The rock units such as Mesozoic carbonates and Cenozoic flysch located around the basin are classified as A. The soil class B, appears between the class A rocks and the alluvial basin, has relatively thin alluvial slope deposit overlying the rock. The classification obtained from this study may contribute to the studies on future urban planning and seismic risk assessment.