Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Stalks as Alternative Raw Material for Cement Bonded Particleboard

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Tas H. H., Kul F. M.

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA, vol.71, no.1, pp.41-46, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.5552/drvind.2020.1907
  • Journal Name: DRVNA INDUSTRIJA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.41-46
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Sunflower stalks (Helianthus annuus) were studied as an alternative raw material for cement bonded particleboard. Experimental cement bonded particleboards measuring 500 mm x 500 mm x 12 mm with nominal density of 1300 kg/m(3) were produced using different ratios of sunflower stalk particles with wood. Properties of the cement bonded particleboards evaluated include water absorption, thickness swelling, screw withdrawal strength and bending properties. Results of the study showed that the addition of small amount of sunflower stalks in the production of cement bonded particleboard does not significantly influence the properties tested. Inclusion of more stalks in the mixture significantly decreases mechanical properties and raises thickness swelling and water absorption values of the cement bonded particleboard. Results indicate that boards which include a small amount of sunflower stalks provide properties required by the standards for general purpose-use cement bonded particleboards.