Fertility (number of strobili) was investigated in six natural populations over three ranges of altitudes (215-960 m) in Brutian pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) for two consecutive years. The fertility and fertility variation varied among populations and years. The average of strobilus production varied between 173 and 269 in female, and between 533 and 1,060 in male, respectively. The fertility variation did not seem closely related to the altitude, and it was not consistently dependent on the richness of strobilus production. Positive significant correlations were found between female and male strobilus production for all populations and years. Coefficient of variation in strobilus production among individual trees varied between 0.638 and 0.838 for female; and between 0.603 and 0.809 for male when flowering assessments were combined. The clone fertility variations among trees were slightly different among all six stands (sibling coefficient ranged from 1.354 to 1.525) and it is unlikely that trees in typical stands vary extremely in reproductive success.