IAOMS-AÇBİD Congress 2018, Antalya, Turkey, 9 - 13 May 2018, pp.10
Preoperative Seroprevalence of HBsAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HIV of patient with oral surgery under general anesthesia
Objectives: Exposure to blood borne pathogens is the most serious occupational health risk faced by healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative seroprevalences of HBsAg, anti-HCV and anti-HIV of patient with dental surgery under general anesthesia .
Materials and methods: In this study we evaluated the seroprevalence of HBsAg, anti-HCV and anti-HIV in 4007 preoperative patients who admitted to Suleyman Demırel University,Dentistry Faculty, research laboratory for elective dental surgical procedures between October 2016 and February 2018; retrospectively.
Results: When general demographic data of the patients were examined it was seen that mean age was 11.23±12,09. It was recorded that 54.3% of patients were male whereas 45.7% of patients were female. The seroprevalence of HBsAg and anti-HCV were; 0,25% and 0,17 % respectively in preoperative patients.The positively rates of HBsAg and anti-HCV for preoperative patients should be assessed lower than the data obtained from the literature. Anti-HIV seropositivity was not detected in the patients.
Conclusion: Hepatitis-B , Hepatitis-C and HIV are viruses that can infect with infected body fluids. It is important to know the frequency of infection in preoperative patients to protect the newborn. Early diagnosis of the disease will provide important advantages for vaccination and treatment as it will protect the patient from future complications. Knowing HBsAg , anti-HCV and HIV positivity before intervention in patients; physicians and other health care providers to take preventive measures against disease transmission. All healthcare workers must be trained about occupational diseases and vaccinated against hepatitis B. Establishment of universal precautions is necessary and these precautions must be strictly followed particularly in the operating room. In addition all patients should be considered as potential carriers
Keywords: HBsAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HIV, general anesthesia,dental surgery