DEMOGRAPHIC AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH COLON CANCER IN ISPARTA-BURDUR REGION


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Kayikcioglu E.

Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.29, no.3, pp.386-389, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

Abstract

Objective To define the demographic and clinicopathological characteristics of colon cancer patients followed up at Suleyman Demirel University, Medical Oncology Outpatient Clinic. Material and Method Outpatient archive files of 582 patients who applied to Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Medical Oncology Clinic and received a diagnosis of colon cancer between 2010-2021 were examined and patients’ age, gender, tumor location, family history of cancer, and pathological TNM stage at the time of diagnosis were recorded. Results Median age was 63.5 years. Of the 582 patients, 375 (64.4%) were male and 207 (35.6%) were female. Thirty-four (5.8%) of the patients had family history of colon cancer. The origin of the tumor was the right colon in 147 (25.3%) patients, the left colon in 168 (28.9%), and the rectum in 265 (45.5%). At the time of diagnosis, T stage was T1 in 35 (6%) patients, T2 in 61 (10.5%), T3 in 418 (71.8%), and T4 in 67 (11.5%). Pathological N stage was N0 in 246 (42.3%) patients, N1 in 168 (28.9%), and N2 in 168 (28.9%). When staging was made according to TNM grades, 82 (14.1%) patients were diagnosed with Stage 1 disease, 153 (26.3%) with Stage 2 disease, 242 (41.6%) with Stage 3, and 105 (18%) patients were diagnosed with Stage 4 disease. Metastasis was detected at the time of diagnosis in 106 (18.2%) of the patients. Conclusion Most of the patients who apply to Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Medical Oncology Outpatient Clinic from the Isparta-Burdur region are patients diagnosed at an advanced stage. It is of vital importance to raise awareness of colon cancer screenings and increase awareness of colon cancer in the community of this region.