In this study, the non-linear vibration of truncated conical shells made of functionally graded materials (FGMs) has been investigated using the large deformation theory with von Karman-Donnell-type of kinematic non-linearity. The material properties of FGMs are assumed to vary continuously through the thickness of the shell. The fundamental relations, the non-linear motion and compatibility equations of the FGM truncated conical shell are derived. By using Superposition method, Galerkin method and Harmonic balance method, the non-linear vibration of an FGM truncated conical shell is analyzed. Finally, the influences of compositional profiles and variation of shell geometry on the dimensionless non-linear frequency parameter and the variation of ratio of the non-linear frequency to the linear frequency are investigated. The present results are compared with the available data for a special case. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.