Evaluation of Water Quality from the Perspective of Eutrophication in Lake Egirdir, Turkey


WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, vol.225, no.7, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 225 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11270-014-1994-x


Lake Egirdir is one of the most important freshwater resources in Turkey. The lake is located at the border of Isparta province in South West Turkey, an area known as the "Lakes District". Lake Egirdir is very important to the regional economy, but knowledge of its water quality is somewhat limited. Our objective was to assess the current water quality in Lake Egirdir and its major tributaries, in order to provide information for future management decisions. The temperature, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration, chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen species concentrations, phosphorus species concentrations, and Chl-a concentrations were monitored monthly at seven sampling points in the lake between December 2010 and November 2011. The total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) loads were determined in the three main tributaries of Lake Egirdir over the same period. At the end of the water quality assessment period, we determined that the lake water has the characteristics of class 1 waters for nitrogen species and class 2 waters for TP, according to the Turkish surface water quality management regulations. The Chl-a values measured in the lake were lower than expected from the trophic state index (TSI) values because of macrophyte growth in the lake. Interestingly, the total nitrogen/total phosphorus (TN/TP) ratios in the lake were low, possibly indicating that the sediment is a significant internal phosphorus resource in Lake Egirdir.