In vitro Antifungal activity of essential oils from Tymbra, Origanum, Satureja species and some pure compounds on the fish pathogenic fungus, Saprolegnia parasitica


Gormez O. , Diler O.

AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, cilt.45, ss.1196-1201, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/are.12060
  • Dergi Adı: AQUACULTURE RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1196-1201

Özet

In the present study, the chemical composition and antifungal activity of the essential oils of the three Lamiaceae species, black tyme (Thymbra spicata L.), oregano (Origanum onites L.) and savory (Satureja tymbra L.) against Saprolegnia parasitica Coker strains (3) were evaluated. The composition of oils was analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The major constituent of the oils was carvacrol (82.68% in Thymbra spicata, 82.24% in Origanum onites and 52.38% in Satureja tymbra). The antifungal activity of essential oils was determined by a tube dilution and disc diffusion method. All essential oils inhibited fungal strains at concentration of 100LmL-1. The essential oil of O. onites and T. spicata was the most active (MIC 10 and 50LmL-1, respectively). Thymol did not show inhibiting activity. The essential oils exhibited stronger inhibition than pure carvacrol. Essential oil derived from Tymbra, Origanum and Satureja species has the potential to be used as health control of rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss) against S. parasitica infection. This study describes the antifungal activity of three essential oils for developing alternative and native control methods against Saprolegniasis.