Disability and Home Care of Persons with Disability (PWDs) in Turkey


SALLAN GÜL S. , GÜL H.

1st Forum on Studies of Society (FSS) International Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, Craiova, Romanya, 31 Mart 2016, ss.11-23 identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Craiova
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Romanya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.11-23

Özet

Policies towards the persons with disabilities (PWDs) started in the 1970s and the disability movement opened up approaches and service models on disability for debate. This change also caused a turn in understanding disability as a matter of citizenship and equality beyond just a matter of care and rehabilitation. As a result, a social model evolved in which the PWDs as individuals are considered to have independent lives as citizens with some basic rights. In Turkey, disability became a topic for discussion as impairment at the end of the 1990s, shaped by the medical model. In the 2000s, home care income support programs for the PWDs and their needy families were developed. Especially after the disability law enacted in 2005, family based home care seems to have replaced institutional care. In fact, the Ministry of Family and Social Policy started to provide income support to the families and relatives caring the PWDs at home in 2006. In 2014, one out of every twenty PWDs (a total of 418.645) received home care. However, there is not any comprehensive research on how identity is socially constructed among the people giving home nursing care to the PWDs and the PWDs themselves. The subject matter of this study is to explore the social construction of identity among the PWDs cared at home and their needy family members or relatives providing home care to them. The process of the social construction of identity among the PWDs takes place basically in families and related social environment in which they are cared for. The social environment in which the PWDs live, the relationship between the normal people (the care takers) and the disabled and the determinants of this relationship, opportunities and resources shape the care taking of the PWDs at home.