Effects of Aloe vera utilization on physochemical and microbiological properties of Turkish dry fermented sausage


Usan E., BAŞYİĞİT KILIÇ G., KILIÇ B.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13197-021-05183-5
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE
  • Keywords: Aloe vera, Safety, Quality, Sausage, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY, STARTER CULTURE, MEAT, QUALITY, STORAGE, EXTRACTS, SUCUK

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of Aloe vera extracts obtained by different extraction methods on eight strains from five different pathogens (Pseudomonas fluorescens, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) in the first phase and utilize Aloe vera extract in sausage processing in the second phase. Sausages were evaluated for thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), physicochemical and microbiological properties. The first phase results indicated that the highest inhibition was determined in Listeria monocyctogenes 472 regardless of tested Aloe vera extract doses and extraction methods (Tukey HSD, P < 0.05). The highest Listeria monocyctogenes 472 levels reached was 0.38 log(10) cfu/g. The second phase results revealed that Aloe vera containing treatments of sausage had lower pH than others after storage (ANOVA, P < 0.05). Dry matter, protein, fat and ash contents of sausage dough increased in all treatments after fermentation (ANOVA, P < 0.05). After 30 d storage, 48 and 45% TBARS reductions were obtained in sausages with only nitrite and those with only Aloe vera extract compared to control respectively. The lowest TBARS (68% reduction) were obtained in Aloe vera extract and nitrite incorporated sausages (Tukey HSD, P < 0.05). Result showed that the use of Aloe vera extract and nitrite combination in sausage formulation is a useful approach to control lipid oxidation in the product.