Ameliorative effects of pregabalin on LPS induced endothelial and cardiac toxicity.


Asci H. , Ozmen O., Erzurumlu Y., Savas H., Temel E., Icten P., ...More

Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission, vol.96, pp.364-375, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10520295.2020.1810315
  • Title of Journal : Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission
  • Page Numbers: pp.364-375
  • Keywords: Apoptosis, inflammation, oxidative stress, pregabalin, rats, sepsis, NF-KAPPA-B, MIGRATION INHIBITORY FACTOR, OXIDATIVE STRESS, INFLAMMATION, SEPSIS, INJURY, RATS, LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE, DYSFUNCTION, EPILEPTOGENESIS

Abstract

We investigated the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of pregabalin (PREG) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced sepsis related cardiotoxicity via NF-k beta pathways. We used 24 female Wistar albino rats divided into three groups: control, LPS treated and LPS + PREG treated. Total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS), oxidative stress index (OSI), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), nuclear factor kappa beta (NF-k beta)/p65, p-NF-k beta/p65, caspase-3 (Cas-3) and cleaved Cas-3 were measured in cardiac tissues and creatine kinase MB (CKMB), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were measured in blood samples. Also, Cas-3, granulocyte-colony stimulating factors (G-CSF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), serum amyloid A (SAA) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were measured immunohistochemically in heart and aorta tissue. In the LPS group; the levels of CKMB, AST, LDH, TOS, OSI increased and TAS decreased. TNF-alpha, p-NF-k beta/p65 and Cas-3 protein levels also increased in the LPS group. Immunohistochemical evaluation of the heart and aorta revealed a significant increase in the levels of Cas-3, G-CSF, SAA, IL-6 and iNOS in the LPS group. PREG treatment restored all measurements to near normal. LPS induced cardiovascular toxicity was due to inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. PREG ameliorated the damage by inhibition of NF-k beta phosphorylation.