4th International Health Science and Life Congress, Burdur, Turkey, 8 - 10 April 2021, pp.199
Aim: Sakarya Pitched Battle is among turning points of Turkish National Struggle. Greek
advance was halted and ground was prepared for Turkish forward operation. The Battle has
been discussed in terms of military, political and human health, and many publications have
been made on these topics. In this study, it is aimed to examine veterinary services, which is a
different aspect of the battle.
Method: Publications on subject were read, official publications were scanned and archive
documents were examined.
Results: Measures Taken Before the Battle: In addition to existing veterinary organizations,
new animal hospitals and warehouses were established in Aksehir and Dinar. A new
horseshoe and toe-calk workshop in Polatli. Necessary preparations have been completed in
Ankara Central Warehouse for supply of medicine.
Veterinary Services in August 1921: Due to constant movement of troops, animals were tired
and could not be fed well. During battle, mobile animal hospitals were established in
divisions, Ankara Range Inspectorate take command to Salmanli Farm-600 Capacity
Seriously Injured Animal Front Hospital, and animal infirmary was opened in Chiefveterinarian near Maliköy Station. At end of August, 300 casualties occurred in the animal
force, consisting of 25.678 heads of various animals. This number corresponds to 4.5% of the
number of sick and injured animals.
Veterinary Services in September 1921: Number of weak and injured animals increased in
battle, which took place in form of a fierce fight and a struggle for existence for Turks.
However, no contagious disease was seen in military animals, except for civil people's
animals. As a result of the measures taken, animal force reached 37.369 heads of various
animals. 45% of 7.089 animals under treatment recovered and 883 animals were lost.
Conclusion: In Turkish National Struggle, animals were effective both in feeding and supply
activities of army and in advancement of cavalry units like a thunderbolt. Not only healthcare
support provided to army but also veterinary services provided to animals has been extremely
effective in achieving victory. As a result, it is considered appropriate to increase number of
publications describing role of animals in achieving victory and veterinary services provided
to these animals.
Keywords: Turkish national struggle, Sakarya Pitched Battle, veterinary services