RENEWABLE ENERGY, vol.148, pp.1292-1301, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
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This study investigated the thermal properties and activation energies of raw and torrefied poultry litter samples in the range of 250-300 degrees C by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Four heating rates, 5 degrees C/min, 10 degrees C/min, 20 degrees C/min, and 30 degrees C/min were applied during the thermogravimetric analysis. Furthermore, co-combustion of raw and torrefied poultry litter samples with low-rank Turkish lignite was studied and the effect of the blending ratio on thermal reactivity of poultry litter was also investigated.