Long term effects of mild severity COVID-19 on right ventricular functions


Akkaya F., Yenercag F. N. T. , Kaya A., Sener Y. Z. , BAĞCI A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10554-021-02340-x
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a newly recognized infectious disease that has spread rapidly. COVID-19 has been associated with a number of cardiovascular involvements, including ventricular functions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the right ventricular functions of mild severity COVID-19 patients 3 months after, and compare them to the right ventricular functions of healthy volunteers. For this single-center study, data from 105 patients who were treated for mild severity COVID-19 between September 15, 2020 and December 31, 2020 were collected. 105 age and sex matched healthy subjects were included in the study. Right ventricular (RV) functions were evaluated using conventional two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography and 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) for all patients. 2D-E parameters indicating RV functions were compared between the two groups. RV diamaters, systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) and RV myocardial performance index (RV MPI) were significantly higher in the COVID-19 patients compared to control group (p < 0.05). Tricuspid annular plane systolic motion (TAPSE), right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) and RV S' were significantly lower in the COVID-19 group compared to control group (p < 0.05). RV global longitudinal strain (RV-GLS) (- 19.6 +/- 5.2 vs. - 15.1 +/- 3.4, p < 0.001) and RV free wall longitudinal strain RV-FWLS (- 19.6 +/- 5.2 vs. - 17.2 +/- 4.4, p < 0.001) values were significantly lower in the COVID-19 group than the control group. There was a significant negative correlation between RV-FWLS, RV-GLS and C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), d-dimer, ferritin, platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with mild severity COVID-19. This results suggested that RV-GLS and RV-FWLS decreased in the long term (third month) follow-up of patients treated for mild severity COVID-19 disease. Subclinical RV dysfunction may be observed in patients after mild severity COVID-19.