The central authority consolidated more with the Tanzimat, set forth a comprehensive and systematic modernization project in cities connected with ports and railways, particularly in the capital city of Istanbul. The most obvious transformation projection of the Tanzimat reforms in city centers is the emergence of a public center. Public areas as locations of government houses, municipalities, jails, banks, schools, police stations, military posts were located side by side at the new commercial centers. Besides, as a consequence of the socio-economic transformations at the end of the 19th century, production facilities such as workshop, factory, warehouse, management offices, buildings of insurance and banking operations came into picture. Those were located in the vicinity of traditional bazaar, in the new commercial center. In this period, the differentiation in housing was also prominent. Large parts of cities subjected to fires and new settlement areas for immigrants of wars were planned explicitly with modern urban understanding.