DETERMINATION AND ANALYSIS OF AFYONKARAHİSAR CASTLE’S PERIODICAL STRUCTURES AND ADDITIONS


Şimşek Tolacı S. , Köker B.

Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature, vol.9, no.25, pp.193-223, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 25
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.31126/akrajournal.895406
  • Title of Journal : Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature
  • Page Numbers: pp.193-223

Abstract

An important example of defense structures that hosted different civilizations for thousands of years is the Afyonkarahisar Castle built in Anatolia. According to the societies' socio-cultural, economic characteristics, and needs, the castle structure has changed in the historical process. Structures and structural additions built in different periods constitute the physical data group for determining the transformation. The study aims to make these structures and structural additions through the data of different sources in terms of purpose and content. The physical scope of the study, is not only Upper Castle part, which is in the social memory, but also the entire castle structure, including the Middle and Lower Castle sections. All processes from which information about the structure can be obtained have been considered the study's historical scope. Combining the information obtained from different written and visual sources with the field studies data that enables the determination of the current situation of the building has been determined as a working method. In this context; history readings about the city were done, texts and documents containing travelers' impressions were scanned, and conservation inventory information was evaluated. The data referring to the spatial features of the building have been compiled within the framework of the specified physical scope and different periods. Separate evaluations of the three parts that make up the physical scope are presented with a table presenting the relationship between historical periods and period additions built in different scales in order to be able to monitor the period structural additions easily. This study, which was prepared with a focus on identifying and dating period additions for the structure, which has not been evaluated with the method of considering different sources in a holistic manner until today, is aimed to contribute to different areas, especially the history of the city, its memory and architectural features.