Proximate, Ultimate and Calorific Analysis of European Beech Tree (Fagus sylvatica) Components for Fuel


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Şahin H. T.

Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences, vol.10, no.1, pp.8-14, 2021 (International Refereed University Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-14

Abstract

Aims: The three different above ground biomass components (branch, crown, bark) of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) were evaluated, regarding energy and combustion properties.

Study Design: The proximate, ultimate and calorific analysis conducted on components of European Beech tree from three different age stands (10-, 20-, 30 years old). For each group of

sample, separate experiments were carried out under similar conditions and experimental findings presented comparatively. The results obtained may be suggested for the selection of the best

parts and age group for the improvement of fuel properties of selected tree and could provide useful evaluation of the test methods employed.

Methodology: The three different above ground biomass components (branch, crown, bark) of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) were selected for the investigation. For comparatively determining the combustion behavior and energy properties of the of European Beech tree components, the chips were prepared. These chips were dried (air dried, 12%) in laboratory conditions at 20 °C and 50% relative humidity before being subjected to evaluations. Typically, the

combustion is preceded by evaporation of the moisture, distillation and burning of the volatiles before the fixed carbon burns. However, fixed carbon is the solid combustible residue that remains after a wood or bark are heated and the volatile matter is expelled. It is determined by