ANALYSIS OF COST AND PROFITABILITY FOR ENTERPRISES ENGAGED IN GREENHOUSE CULTIVATION IN HIGHLAND CONDITIONS: THE CASE OF ELMALI, ANTALYA


BAŞBUĞ T., Gul M.

SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC ENGINEERING IN AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, cilt.16, ss.19-26, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 16 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIFIC PAPERS-SERIES MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC ENGINEERING IN AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.19-26

Özet

This study investigates the economic status of the enterprises engaged in greenhouse cultivation activities in Elmali (Antalya) and examines the contribution of the highland greenhouse production to the regional economic development, thus attempting to generate certain data that would provide guidance to future investors and enterprises that will invest in greenhouse cultivation in highland conditions. The current research was carried out in Golova, Cukurelma, Salur, Eskisar, Zumrutova, the quarters of Elmali where greenhouse enterprises are largely concentrated. The data used in the study were collected through questionnaires from 90 greenhouse enterprises designated using the Neyman Stratified Sampling method. The research data belong to 2015 production period. The enterprises engaged in greenhouse cultivation in Elmali (Antalya) were divided into 3 groups according to the size of their land. According to data obtained in the study, the share of greenhouse production among other business activities of the companies was 52.59%, generating an average income of 44,667 TL (Turkish Liras). The production costs of the enterprises mainly involved seedling costs (18.93%), followed by fertilizer costs (18.00%) and permanent-family labour (14.69%). The mean absolute profit of the enterprises was calculated as 43,602.69 TL. The average unit (1 kg) product cost was calculated as 0.69 TL for enterprises. The mean relative profit rate for enterprises was 1.53. As the greenhouse cultivation period in highland conditions coincides with summer months, the enterprises had no heating costs. Since greenhouse-growing activities increase business potentials and opportunities in the region, they can reduce migration from rural areas to cities. The expansion of greenhouse cultivation could be reached by reducing the unit product cost, as well as by growing appropriate products for domestic and international demand and large-scale investments.